Thursday, October 26, 2006

Post 9: Final Paper Outline

For this posting, identify a topic you would like to focus on for your final paper. Provide the main research question(s) you are going to investigate. Outline the sections of the paper and explain which theory will guide your paper. Then, find two articles or books that seem relevant to your topic and give their complete citation.


Poong Oh said...

“Netting Alone: Fragmentation on Cyberspace”
In this study, I will raise a question that the architecture of cyberspace is preventing each individual user from communicating one another. Selective exposure according to one’s liking and filtering out what one does not like result in the limited boundary of those who share opinions and encourage destructive conflicts among heterogeneous groups. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to show how fragmented the cyberspace is by analyzing the structure of the network of Internet websites.

1. Introduction
- Indicating that the proportion of the Internet as information source has been increased
- Expectation of the Internet
- Negative attributes of the Internet: selective exposure and perfect filtering

2. Theoretical Background
- Social capital theory
= Social capital and Democracy: Lin (2001), Newton (1997), Paxton (2002)
= bonding social capital vs. bridging social capital
= inner-directed linkage vs. outer-directed linkage
- Deliberative democracy: J. Fishkin (1996), J. Bohman (1996), J. Curran (2002), N. Garnham (1998)
- Control revolution: A. Shapiro (1998)
- Freedom of speech in cyberspace: C. Sunstein (2001), L. Lessig (1999)
- RQ: How fragmented is the architecture of cyberspace?

3. Method
- Data gathering: Snowballing sampling; Sample size: 50 ~ 100 websites
- Social network analysis: hyperlink as relation, websites as node; Block modeling method

4. Results
- Descriptive Statistics of sampled websites (centrality, effectiveness et. al.)
- Graphical presentation of the structure of website network with cluster analysis
- Expected result: less centralized; some clusters found; less connectivity

5. Discussion & Limitation of the present study

Bohman, J. 1996. Public Deliberation: Pluralism, Complexity, and Democracy. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Burt, R. 1992. Structural Holes: The Social Structure of Competition. MA: Harvard University Press.
―――. 2001. “Structural Holes versus Network Closure as Social Capital”. in N. Lin, K. Cook, and R. Burt. (eds.) Social Capital: Theory and Research. NY: Aldine de Gruyter. pp. 31-56.
Fishkin, J. S. 1996. “Bring Deliberation to Democracy”. Public Perspective, 7: 1-4.
Foley, M. W., and B. Edwards. 1996. “The Paradox of Civil Society”. Journal of Democracy, 7: 38-52.
Katz, E. 1996. “And Deliver Us from Segmentation.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 546: 22-33.
Lessig, L. 1999. Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, NY: Basic Books.
Lin, N. 2001. Social Capital: A Theory of Social Structure and Action. Cambridge University Press.
Newton, K. 1997. “Social Capital and Democracy”. American Behavior Scientist, 40(5): 575-586.
Paxton, P. 2002. “Social Capital and Democracy: An Interdependent Relationship”. American Sociological Review, 67(2), 254-277.
Putnam, R. D. 2000. Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. NY: Simon & Schuster.
Shapiro, A. 1998. The Control Revolution, NY: A Century Foundation Book.
Sunstein, C. 2001., NJ: Princeton University Press.
Warren, M. 2001. Democracy and Association. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Borgatti, S., M. Everett, and L. Freeman. 2002. Ucinet for Windows: Software for Social Network Analysis. Harvard: Analytic Technologies.
Curran, J. 2002. Media and Power. NY: Routledge.

john thomas said...

JLMC 574, final paper

The topic of my paper is: “Communications 2106”. I have chosen this as my topic because it will be challenging and instructional. Essentially I am going to attempt to predict what communications may be like in the year 2106, -- 100 years into the future.

There are three major theories I will build my research on: 1. Hegal’s Dialectics, (thesis, antithesis and synthesis); 2. the Technological Determinism of Marshall McLuhan and 3. Rogers diffusion and adoption.

I will also rely on my “50 years” of communication technology experiences. I have observed, first hand, early radio, 1950’s telephones, the introduction of television, the mainframe computer, web interaction, 45’s , LP’s tape players, eight tracks, surround sound, stereo, VHS, Betamax, color television, CD’s, DVD’s and home theatre. I have sent telegrams, (learned Morse code), used the first Xerox, faxes, office dictation machines, mimeograph, and manual typewriters with carbon copies.

My sources: Marshall McLuhan and Bruce Powers, The Global Village, 1986, The Oxford Press, New York. My other sources will be the internet. There are numerous sights that deal with the near future and outlook for new technology, along with trends. I could not find prior research for 100 years out, the world of 2106. But I am able to find some forecasting around mega-trends, population, food, fuels, and transportation.

Strategy for the paper:

I will first need to project the 2106 home, work, entertainment physical lifestyles….facilities. I will also need to project mobility, -- transportation.
I will need to draw a perspective of change from 1906 to 2006, relate that to what I experienced in my 63 years, and forecast or model a future life scenario.

I am not so arrogant to believe that I can actually predict the future, but I do think it will be interesting and instructive to try. Perhaps the biggest challenge of all will be to stay within the 12 pages.

Avril Adrianne de Guzman said...

I plan to elaborate on the exciting world, I mean, virtual world of MMORPG. =) I will use the Uses and Gratifications Theory to analyze gamers' motivations for playing MMORPG. In addition to a detailed report on the findings from research done by leading experts on MMORPG, I will conduct a qualitative mini-study to validate/refute the findings of these authors. Aside from that, I will provide a narrative of my motivations and experience during the participant observation I conducted in the world of warcraft. What follows is the proposed outline of my paper.

Technology and Entertainment
MMORPG: The New Face of Play

A. Introduction
i. How did people use to play? What games?
ii. What happened when mediated play (video games) arrived on the scene?
iii. What is the frontier of mediated play?
1. How did mediated play evolve into Massive Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games (MMORPG )
2. Why are MMORPG’s popular?
B. Who plays MMORPG?
C. What are MMORPG players’ motivations for play?
i. Intro to uses and gratifications theory
ii. Using the Uses and Gratifications framework to examine players’ motives for engaging in MMORPG
D. Qualitative in-depth analysis on gamers’ motivations to validate Yee’s findings
E. (not sure yet) What are the issues that have been raised on MMORPG play?
i. Analysis of case studies to illustrate
1. Blurring Work and Play
2. Social Dynamics in MMORPG
3. Problematic Use
F. How have MMORPGs changed the way we play?
i. The future of play
G. Conclusions and Recommendations


Yee, N. (2006). The Psychology of MMORPGs: Emotional Investment, Motivations, Relationship Formation, and Problematic Usage. In R.Schroeder & A. Axelsson (Eds.), Avatars at Work and Play: Collaboration and Interaction in Shared Virtual Environments (pp. 187-207). London: Springer-Verlag.

Ducheneaut, N., Yee, N., Nickell, E., and Moore, R.J. (2006). "Alone Together? Exploring the Social Dynamics of Massively Multiplayer Games." In conference proceedings on human factors in computing systems CHI 2006, pp.407-416. April 22-27, Montreal, PQ, Canada.

Byeng-Hee Chang, Seung-Eun Lee, Byoung-Sun Kim (2006). Exploring factors affecting the adoption and continuance of online games among college students in South Korea: Integrating uses and gratification and diffusion of innovation approaches

Sandy Wang said...

The topic I will focus on for my final paper is the Interaction of TV and Internet in China.

I'm going to discuss the use of internet for television, and how is internet working with television to promote the diffusion of itself. The research will based on the interpersonal and mass communication characteristics of Internet and individual's use of different communication channels

I've not yet had an detailed outline of my paper. But my paper will include the following items.
The Interpersonal characteristic of Internet
Individuals habits of using different communication Channels during the diffusion process
Use the Example of a TV program to explain the interaction of Internet and TV in China.

The main theory that will guide my paper is Diffusion Theory.

The following books and article maybe relevant to this topic.
Global media : the television revolution in Asia / James D. White. by White, James D. (James Daniel) New York : Routledge, 2005. New media / edited by Albert Rolls. Bronx, NY : H.W. Wilson, c2006.
Popular media in China : shaping new cultural patterns / edited by Godwin C. Chu ; foreword by A. Doak Barnett. Honolulu : Published for the East-West Center by the University Press of Hawaii, c1978.
Mass communication and human interaction / Robert D. Murphy. by Murphy, Robert D. Boston : Houghton Mifflin, c1977.
Re-Thinking the Role of Information in Diffusion Theory: An Historical Analysis with an Empirical Test Abbott, Eric A. and Yarbrough,J. Paul.(1999)

Helen said...

My paper will be The American Digital Divide: Access Without Advantage. In it, I will discuss the impact of widely available internet access in the United States, and ask what education is required to have the advantages that internet communications promises, and currently provides to those not left behind by this different sort of digital divide. This will be a review of the literature on the American digital divide and related statistics provided by sources such as the Census Bureau and the Pew Internet And American Life Project.

I. Availability of internet access
II. Demographics of internet usage
III. The value of the internet
A. What does it mean to make effective use of the internet?
B. What skills are needed to make effective use of the internet?
IV. Technology education
A. Methods
B. Gaps
V. Discussion

Warschauer, M. (2006). Literacy and technology: Bridging the divide. In D. Gibbs
and K.-L. Krause (Eds.), Cyberlines 2: Languages and cultures of the Internet (pp.
163-174). Albert Park, Australia: James Nicholas.

Kvasny,Lynette and Keil, Mark. The challenges of redressing the digital divide: a tale of two US cities. 2006. Information Systems Journal vol 16, pp. 23-53.

Susu Qin said...

I would like to focus on the topic of the development of Internet and challenges to the censorship of press in China for my final paper.I will generally describe the propagande regulations of China's press system, and emphazise the key issue of censorship during the news publishing and broadcasting procedures. I also analyze the current situation of the Internet's application and functions in the news' diffusion. At last I will explain the relationship between censorship of press and internet's effects on that. How they affect each other, are they dependent on each other? Interpreting what is the important role the Internet's development playing in the process of challenging the governing and censoring of the press system. In this way, I can predict the future trend of the press censorship's alternating. And we can draw the conclusion that how the high technology affacts the demorcratic system in a country.


Establishing the context

1.The Basic Propaganda Constitution and Censorship Policies of China’s press

2.The development of the internet for China's press currently
-How the media take the advantage of the internet:the application, the problems/advantages and disadvantages

3.How the internet affects the censhorship process
-positive and negative aspects
-occured changes and potential changes
-the communication mode is changing into the both-ways

4.Existing problems of the internet's working process for developing democracy

Reviewing previous research

Advancing to present research

Based on the emprical study, grouping and differentiating the research data,analyzing the specific examples and particular cases

Normative theory, media structure and performance: principles and accountabilit(two alternative models of accountability/truth and information equality/social order and solidarity/lines and relations of accountability) and the four models of media power. Media effects(intentionality/agenda setting)

(4)Materials of reference
1,Eric Harwit, Duncan Clark "Shaping the Internet in China: Evolution of Political Control over Network Infrastructure and Content"
Asian Survey, Vol. 41, No. 3 (May - Jun., 2001)
2,"Censorship and the Internet: a Singapore perspective" Communications of the ACM archive
Volume 39 , Issue 6 (June 1996)
3,Virtual Censorship in China: Keeping the Gate between the Cyberspaces JL Qiu - International Journal of Communications Law and Policy, 1999
4,The Global Diffusion of the Internet: Patterns and Problems - SE Goodman, L Press, SR Ruth, AM Rutkowski - Communications of the ACM, 1994
5,The Internet and the Ethnic Press: A Study of Electronic Chinese Publications-
K Zhang - The Information Society, 1999 - Taylor & Francis

Chen, Ko-Jung said...

The topic of the final research paper would be focus on the simple questions: Why do people (Taiwanese students in ISU) use Instant Messenger? What gratification they seek and obtain from Instant Messenger? To answer these questions, I would like to apply the Uses and Gratification Theory to analyze the motivations of the users of Instant Messenger. Due to the lack of methodology training, this study will mainly concentrate on the chapter 1-Introduction and chapter 2-literature review. The Taiwanese students in ISU would be my participant in this research because so far there is relatively less U&G studies analyze the Eastern country.

A. Introduction
1. Emerge of the Internet
2. Computer Mediate Communication
3. Communication of Instant Messenger
B. Literature Review
1. 1950-1990 U&G Research
2. Revival of U&G Research
3. U&G as Theory
C. Methodology

Thomas F. Stafford (2003). Differentiating between adopter categories in the uses and gratifications for internet services. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management; Nov2003, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p427-435, 10p

Ruggiero, T. (2000). Uses and Gratifications theory in the 21st Century. Mass Communication and Society, 3 (1), 3-37.

Daniela V. Dimitrova (2002). Internet Uses and Gratifications: An Online Survey of Bulgarians at Home and Abroad. International Communication Bulletin, Spring 2002, Vol. 37, No. 1-2, p36-49

Soonok said...

I would like to write about "How does the internet (technology) change the corporate financial reporting and the investor relationship".

The internet changed the way the corporations report their financial statements... They post their statements at their corporate websites. These changes are really radical... I would like to study about these changes.
How do these actually affect the investor relationship with corporations.

The two main journal articles are
1. Dissemination of information for investors at corporate web sites, by Michael Ettredge, Vernon J. Richardson, Susan Sholz, Journal of Accounting and Public Policy

2. Corporate Reporting on the internet, by Hollis Ashbaugh, Accounting Horizons

These papers actually use the public data for these studies (quantitative method)...

AICPA.1994. Improving Business Reporting-A Customer Focus. New York

Association for Investment Management Research (AIMR). 1999. Financial analysts rate conference calls best source of earnings information in AIMR survery.

Botosan, C., 1997. Disclosure level and the cost of equity capital. Accountig Reveiw 72(3)

Waymire, G., 1985 Earnings Volatility and voluntary management forecast disclosure. Journal of Accounting Research 23(1)

Tom said...

Sorry this is so late... had an exam last week that distracted me.

Working title for my final paper is "Humanity in the interface - anthropomorphism and robotics".

I'll look into the social constructs that people build even when interacting with machines, especially when those machines have human characteristics - either a physical form that resembles ours, or a voice, etc... Understanding the perceptions of users, and their feelings towards these interfaces will determine how effective they can be once the technology to effectively implement them exists.

I'll likely use a few interpersonal communication theories (but apply them to human-computer & human-machine, rather than human-human), as well as diffusion theory to map out the 5 characteristics (innovation)of an example interface.

Two publications I plan on using:

Nowak, K. L., & Biocca, F. (2003). The Effect of the agency and anthropomorphism on users’
sense of telepresence, copresence, and social presence in virtual environments. Presence,
12(5), 481-494.

Picard, R. W., Nass, C. I., Wexelblat, A., Breazeal, C., & Warwick, K. (2002). Future
Interfaces: Social and Emotional. Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in
Computing Systems, Minneapolis, MN, April 2002, pp 698-699.

karenlee said...

"Befriending Not-So-Close Friends: Social Networking in Personal Web Sites"
My research will look into social networking websites and the role they play in creating relationships among users. I will focus on Facebook and Cyworld as my two websites of analysis. I hope to find out whether on-line social networking facilitates weak ties, possibly resulting in greater exchange of resources among users. This study may provide implications on another level of social network, which may not be a replacement or a degradation-as many concerned voices shout-but a complement of the social network in the real world.

I. Introduction:
1. Overall description of on-line social networking sites: Facebook and Cyworld

2. Economic and social value of the social networking sites – monetary value, and the time spent maintaining the home pages and visiting that of others

3. Is the proliferation of on-line social softwares causing an interpersonal relationship anomie?

II. Theoretical Background
1. Strength of weak ties
- Definition of weak ties
- Weak ties as a bridge to strong ties
- Means of resource exchange

Granovetter, Mark S. (1973). The Strength of Weak Ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78 (6), 1360-1380.

2. Latent ties in an on-line setting

Haythornthwaite, Caroline. (2002). Strong, Weak, and Latent Ties and the Impact of New Media. The Information Society, 18, 385-401.

3. Previous research on formation of weak ties in an on-line setting

Green, David T., and John M. Pearson. (2005) Social Software and Cyber Networks: Ties that bind or weak association within the political organization? Paper presented at the 2005 38th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.

Wellman, Barry, and Keith Hampton. (1999). Living Networked On and Offline. Contemporary Sociology, 28 (6), 648-654.

3. Research question 1. Do on-line social networking sites (facebook and cyworld) foster weak ties rather than strong ties?
2. Does the formation of weak ties result in facilitated resource exchange among home page users?

III. Discussion (Possible topics to be addressed)

How do the differences in the two social networking sites account for some possible differences in social networking patterns?

What types of resources are exchanged among students using Facebook?

How are they helpful in off-line settings?

And anything else that may come up…